Reflections on the differences between religion and culture

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  • “Heaven” can be attained on earth by being in tune with God while still alive.
  • Rather, Tuan’s critique points out that there often exist “glaring contradictions of professed ideal and actual practice”.
  • It has been objected that this theory is not promising because it is hard to see how we could ever have sufficient evidence for some of its claims, while others are implausible in light of the evidence we do have.
  • There is significant variance, however, when it comes to the certainty and nature of people’s belief in God.
  • This view doesn’t consider the fact that there could also be non-religious cultures.

If you feel these definitions get blurry and cross into each other’s territory, you’re not alone. For example, you may know people who consider themselves spiritual, but not religious. Conversely, there can be individuals who are devoutly religious but are not what most would consider deeply spiritual. It seems to me that both sides of this debate have overstated their cases. No occurrence, even in the physics laboratory, is ever exactly duplicated in all its inexhaustible detail. But this does not exclude the presence of regular and repeatable features.

Can Religion Affect Mental Health?

Perhaps Pluralistic Dialogue ends closer to relativism than to absolutism, but it can be distinguished from both. It brings liberation from the quest for certainty, which is one of the motivations of absolutism.

While there is still an emphasis on prayer and tithing, Westernized Christianity also emphasizes the importance of doing this in private as well. One of most well-known kinds of myths is creation myths, which describe how the world began, and often where people fit into this scheme. An example of this comes from the Haida, an indigenous nation located on the Pacific Northwest coast of North America. According to this myth, Sha-lana ruled a kingdom high in the clouds which looked down on a vast, empty sea that stretched in all directions. When Sha-lana’s chief servant, the Raven, was cast out of the kingdom, he was so distraught that he flapped his wings in despair. He then created human beings from shells and introduced the sun and fire .

Effect of GDPpc on the Relationship Between Religion and Creativity

In its more extreme form, religious exclusivism teaches that only the members of one religion or sect will reach Heaven, while others will be doomed to eternal damnation. In the past there was the saying in relation to the belief in God that was often used saying ‘if you don’t believe in God you will go to hell’.

On the other hand, culture is concerned with a human being, which is its social heritage. Culture is defined as a person’s language, architecture, clothing, greeting, eating habits, or other tradition. They play a huge role in the culture’s continued evolution, yet no tradition alone can tell the whole story. Culture acts as the underlying thread that connects you to everyone else, with traditions acting as the events and customs to honor these. They allow you to honor your ancestors and pay respect to certain aspects of your culture. Where the two overlap is each person’s individual experiences that impact how they think, feel, and act. In seeking the divine—whether from a church pew on a Sunday or on top of a ridge looking at a glorious sunrise—we increase our feelings of happiness, peace, and appreciation for the life that we have.

A new version of this measure, requiring respondents to express their relative belief or disbelief in God along a 10-point scale, uncovers significant feelings of doubt about God’s existence among those who believe and those who do not. There are more cultures than there are religions in the world; therefore, some cultures will share a religion. Although the core set of religious beliefs will be the same, practices vary as they are dictated by the local culture.

Facts and Theories of Religious Diversity

Rational argument in theology is not a single sequence of ideas, like a chain that is as weak as its weakest link. If historical explanation were limited to accounts of the intentions of agents, it would exclude any history of nature. Some historians have in fact portrayed a strong contrast between history and science based on precisely this distinction. But the writings of historians include many pages with little or no reference to human intentions. They may hot hong kong girls portray social and economic forces of which the participants were unaware. Even in the lives of individuals, decisions may have been swayed by unconscious motives more than by rational ideas.

Euhemerism is the idea that a real person can become a deity or a supernatural immortal being through the constant telling and re-telling of their stories that leads to the distortion of the actual story. For example, many people believe that Hercules was a real person but was deified through the stories of his life and after some time the embellished story became the accepted story. Euhemerism is the worship and belief in an ancestor or historical being who is thought to have supernatural power.

About two-thirds of the unaffiliated (64%) view the Bible as the work of men and not as the word of God. However, among the religious unaffiliated, roughly half (51%) view the Bible as the word of God, with one-in-four expressing the view that the Bible is the literal word of God. Looking at these three measures together – belief in God or a universal spirit, certainty of belief and conception of God – the Landscape Survey finds that 51% of U.S. adults are absolutely certain in their belief in God and view God as a person. At the same time, 14% believe with certainty that God exists but think of God as an impersonal force rather than a person.

Less than half of unaffiliated Americans with social networks that include only other unaffiliated people say they have ever received an invitation to attend, while 71 percent of those with diverse networks report having this experience. Roughly a decade and a half earlier, many fewer Americans reported having a religiously unaffiliated member of their core social network. In 2004, only 18 percent of the public reported having a close social connection to someone who is religiously unaffiliated. About one in 10 white Protestants and Catholics had an unaffiliated social connection. Notably, over half of unaffiliated Americans in 2004 said they had at least one member of their social network who is also unaffiliated.

Applying the logic that we introduced at the start of this section, one answer is that elements of religion and culture contribute to both clash and dialogue, to both conflict and cooperation. Thus, the central tenet to Huntington’s controversial idea is that those elements of culture and religion that we have studied in this chapter contribute to fundamental differences across the globe.

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